Confucius talks about Six virtues and Six foils

 

Confucius asked his disciple You, “Have you heard the six phrases about the six foils?”

 

“No.” You said, “I haven’t.”

 

“Then sit down,” Confucius said, “and I will tell you:

 

“If you love jen (benevolence or kindness) but do not like to study, you will be foiled by ignorance.; If you love wisdom but do not like to study, you will be foiled by superficiality; If you love honesty but do not like to study, you will be foiled by back-slapping; If you love boldness but do not like to study, you will be foiled by scathing; If you love braveness but do not study, you will be foiled by chaos; If you love persistence but do not like to study, you will be foiled by arrogance.” (from Analects: Chapter 17)

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